are fine lines, if you get my drift...
You raise a key issue here Richard, and again, Peter Rowe can speak
for himself but I had to wonder if he was opening up the subject to
this matter of "drifting of fine lines" which I think can be better
illustrated with jade rather than emerald. In his "Hunting the Stone
of Heaven" book, Leaming uses the (perhaps awkward) prospecting word
"jadey". When you are prospecting, as I am sure Rock9 can testify,
you ask yourself how "jadey"
the rock is and that informal test tells you whether it is worth the
cost and trouble of hauling in from the field for more testing. The
CIA in Oz could sell me "Diamondiferous Argyle Rock" which contains
not one speck of diamond as long as it is marketed honestly so the
principles below are generalizable. If CIA has a backyard full of it,
takes a representative sample and reports the diamond content of the
overall load, I know perfectly well that not all pieces will carry
"The Mandate of Heaven"
Chinese philosophy (metaphysics) uses poetic expressions like
"mandate of heaven". Jade is an adjective which metaphorically
describes good character as well as a noun to name a physical stone,
which is a rock-mineral entity.
In "Xinjiang's Gems and Jades" we are treated to a fuller discourse
on the drifting of the lines between jade and non-jade. Leaming
dismissed the Chinese taxonomy of 44 jades, stating he had a problem
with the Chinese to English translation. I find it quite elegant and
scientifically sophisticated. But I do not want to give you the
whole story because that
would spoil your reading of Xinjiang's book or the "Future Jade"
book I am preparing for lulu.com which spells it out in more
conventional English. I want you and all Orchidians to cuddle up with
this book at bed time and enjoy. The present "Mandate of Heaven" unit
is a sampling in rough draft form. I was thinking of selling each
book with a jade fish and/or cross amulet enclosed or embedded in a
wooden cover, but I am still trying to buy a suitable robotic carving
"Jade Thrones and Unicorns"
Past emperors in China and Ancient Mexico used jade for decorative
jewelry purposes in their throne rooms since both valued it the most
highly among stones. The Russians have their Amber Room and
Malachite Room. The Danish
aristocrats had their Unicorn Room which turned out to be a hoax
because narwalh teeth were sold to them as horns from the Biblical
unicorns. According to National Geographic channel the unicorn hoax
was widespread in Christendom and when finally the hoax was exposed
by science, the Church in Rome doctored some of its art to lessen the
embarassment. In that there is a lesson about not being deceived by a
name like emerald or jade or diamond. Scientific criteria are more
revealing and valuable than names when it comes to buying stones. The
unicorn is given to us as a riddle.
Emperors ruled the ancient world according to the mandate of heaven
which we in the West might call divine right of kings and where there
was jade supremacy they wanted jade to be the theme stone. What then
would a Future Monarch want as the composition of a Future Throne?
Why not a mountain escarpment which is also a jade formation with
tens of thousands of tons of jade ore and perhaps more as will be
determined when stone workers cut and carve into the interior?
The Butchart Gardens in Victoria are the Canadian standard of stone
and flower beauty whereby a humble rock quarry was transformed into
one of Canada's most famous tourism attractions. It is the standard
for carvers of large stone projects who want to create any large
stone work meeting standards of beauty, rarity and durability. A
entire mountain can be a "dimension stone" as that is defined in BC
law. Steps and flower beds are cut into the faces/facets. A throne
can be cut and carved at a suitable location.
Let us put this into generalizable terms which could apply to any
gem or jade ore body. From the rock face we determine by field tests
(such as field testing for stone strength, hardness, colour etc) as
well as laboratory assaying for elements and porosity, GIA analyses
and petrographic analyses, the characteristics of a complex ore body.
We declare it to be an ore body for those who wish to test their
skills and try their luck at "gems and jades" in the future. As fault
lines are approached (by quarrying, adits or diamond drilling) what
else might be found? Gold? Silver? Platinum? Diamonds?
We offer qualified mining rights to Chinese miners via our current
Canadian trade delegation in China led personally by Prime Minister
Harper. Bids start at $1,000,000. Perhaps we can even have those two
pandas we have been given by the Chinese sent to this site from
Toronto when it reaches the right stage of development.
"Tremolite Jade Fabric Patterning"
When I mined gold in the 1960s the rule of thumb was 1/10 ounce of
gold per ton to be economic. Today it is more like 1/20 and in either
case most of
the gold is invisible. Likewise the stone-reinforcing properties of
tremolite jade are mostly invisible but in the Xinjiang book we read
"The tremolite is in fabric, needle-columnar, herring-bone, felty
and loosed cloth fabric etc" (page 105). Leaming simply uses the word
"random". I call this the jade rebar effect which strengthens stone
as rebar (reinforcing bar and wire) does in cement. The Xinjiang book
presents microscope pictures of the tremolite rebar effect. We have
our microscopic pictures on a DVD slide show and that will probably
be posted by web site in due course for benefit of the Chinese
market. IMO our pictures show even more clearly the tremolite fabric
patterning than the Xinjiang book pictures.
How much of the tremolite fabric pattern do we need before we call
it jade? How much randomness is required? What percentage of
tremolite must the assays prove? If we have 1/20 ounce of tremolite
in a ton of ore, and the tremolite has perfect fabric pattern, is
that assay enough to call it a jade ore body? And there are other
criteria as well. The matter is settled when I say:
In my opinion this is a _________ ore body and I say that because of
the following clear, replicable tests _____________
Nobody has a gun at anyone's head forcing them to buy. There is no
deception, falsification, or fraud. But I still have lots of cards
in my hand which I am not morally, legally or ethically required to
"Nomenclature: Drifting and Lines of Demarcation"
Thus we can drift around in the twilight zone of any complex ore
somebody may draw a thin line and say, This is a ______ whether the
ore body is gem or jade...... or both. Was the famous/infamous
Kelowna emerald part of a more complex ore body? Unless it was found
in a loose sediment, yes.
How many mineral species of Be were in the ore body? Surely some
parts of it had higher Be concentrations than others. Wherever the
Kelowna stone was extracted, what if the overall ore body is an
escarpment? Where would you
cut and carve an Emerald Throne? Where do you draw the lines of
identity and nomenclature? Isn't this the riddle of the unicorn?
"Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? Or will he
harrow the valleys after thee?" God riddles to Job and his friends
Thus I asked if the chips or dust from faceting had been assayed to
determine whether it was more of a complex rock than a unitary
mineral. I would not buy or invest in it without that report. Buyer
- beware? Buyer - use common sense.
"The 45th Jade"
Does anyone on Orchid have a single name for "...magnesium peridot
marble or tremolite dolomite marble zone" (Xinjiang, pages 107-8).
Would you object to carving a fish or cross amulet from the tremolite
dolomite marble and marketing it in China as "marbled jade"? There is
no problem if they export it here under any name given the high
standards of disclosure presented in the Xinjiang book. What about
"The serpentine jade" which was "a new variety of jade defined in
1981" (page 114). This jade assays at 10% aluminous oxide (page 114).
and we are told "... it was well-received by jade-carving workers".
Its hardness rating is not given but there are harder and softer
jades. The "Tekes Green Jade" was defined in 1980 by the Xinjiang
Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources and its H may be as low as 5
(page 139). It is described as "... a kind of plagioclase and
tremolite-bearing rock" and as expected the two assays show high
aluminous oxide, specifically at 27% and 23%.
What will Sto:lo jade be called by the geology and mineral experts
in China? Will it be the 45th jade?