I think I'm about to learn something new. How is the word melee
used in the gem trade? Why would it be in the GIA Glossary or
Melee refers to any small, under .20 ct., faceted stones. The stones
can be any shape, round, oval, step cut (emerald cut), or tapered step
cut. Straight & tapered step cuts are also called baguettes or tapered
baguettes. Melee &/or are usually used as accent stones for a larger
Another term, ‘calibre’ (pronounced KAL-i-bur or Kal-i-bray) is used
to specify small stones, usually of a different color than the rest of
the stones in the piece. These are also small & generally the same
size. They’re used to add design points to a piece.
From the above descriptions it should be intuitively obvious to the
casual observer why they’d be included in the GIA dictionary.