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Let's use a Digital-Microscope for this essay

I like to make this Diamond Setting group of essays an exciting and fun affair! So why not review some of the previous eassays & photographs and at this time, “add a few more”!

I’m using my digital-microscope that is showing these photographs from 60 => 100+ power magnification.

Many of these ‘shots’ show that not every setting project is clean and precise , the human-hand does make some little slips and minor errors. This is not what we’re concerned about, its just that we now have the jewellery technology in seeing them, all up close!

Any idea what these spikes are? How about the steel bristles of a wax-file cleaning brush. You can still see some residue of little pieces of wax on the tips of each piece of wire.


Would you believe that this is a very common cleaning wheel, how about a #180 grit Pumice wheel?


Everyone has these at their benches, this is a #4/0 saw blade!


Are you ready for this little saw blade? If you cut waxes, you will for sure use this. This is a saw blade just for cutting into wax patterns,


Just how large are these CZ stones? Would you believe these are only 1.5 mm’s in diameter!!!


Do you cut rubber molds, then this little curved item is an “Exact-o” blade? Don’t go on any airplane with this very sharp tool. This will cut your skin, I can attest to that fact!..;>(


This little item is for wax shaping, you can see some residue on the bottom left corner of this bur.


This is a Corundum spindle that’s used for anything that you need, you name it and it works!


This is an easy item to identify by looking at the brass covered hole. This is my “Medium” grade, Snap-On Emery Wheel!


Do you use a wax file? Then here is a 100 x power magnification showing more residue pieces of some other unknown materials.


I was drilling holes with my twist drill and this is what came off that drill. I ‘saved’ it and took a photo of the metal shaving.


This is the up close of a wax form with some stones ready for casting!


This is the wax-shaping file.


"Shingles on a house"? No way, just a #00 grit file


Here is the same wax-file & the cleaning wire brush in action.


This is a #1 grit file!


File with a #2 grit.


Is this a sharp #2 Onglette graver? Up close it looks (yuk) rough, but it sure cuts nicely!


Pink coloured Pumice Wheel of #1,000 grit!


This is a very rough cutting graver that only ‘rough-cuts’ (but not Bright-Cutting). I use this graver as only acting as a cutting guide ‘prior’ to my Bright-Cutting processes.


This is a wire-wheel, can you see the tips of the wires?


Now you can see the ‘tips of the wires’ of the previous photo.


This is a well-used “Medium grade, Emery, Snap-On-Wheel” with the frayed well used edges and loads of residue embedded into the Corundum granules.


This is a magnification of a #180 grit Pumice wheel at 125x power magnification.


On many of these Cubic Zirconia stones show the name of the company “Swarovski”.


This is a simple photo just showing the Bright-Cutting inside the Bezel frame. All of my Bezel settings have been Bright-Cut.


From a distance, this “Star-Setting” looks nice and clean…but not under a 80 power photo…:>(


Every Gypsy setting MUST be Bright-Cut. I just never, never ‘burnish’ the metal to set a bezel stone.


Here is my favourite setting pattern. The “Fishtail” as it’s been used & seen in my demo-ring .


This started out as a flat (boring) triangular plate. This still shows a few miss-guided graver cuts!


Here is the four-sided, square cut. When this is highly polished…WOW!


"Florentine" cutting showing a ‘finished’ border pattern.


Another view on a Channel-set ring, prior to setting of the stones.


Many engravers use the name of a “Liner” which it is, I prefer the name of a “Florentine” graver.


Same tool/graver but used in a different application…just making decorative ‘lines’.


As I have written many times before, I always Bright-Cut on the inside of the bezel walls .


Two photographs of a simple pin-lever watch with a view of its many gears!



Any idea what is this used for? Ever bought a shaving brush? I had one as a gift, but now it’s a regular cleaning tool in my setting bench! Why?

It has very soft bristles and it comes in handy brushing away some of the gold & silver granules in my tray!


Just another view of the soft bristles!


Would you believe that this is the underside of a Flat #40 graver? It looks like a disgusting piece of steel, but the results are of a very shiny cutting surface.


Another side view of a Bezel setting, you can see the Bright-Cutting. Also you can see the crimping of the metal, as its bending over the stone.

Normally this wouldn’t be seen, but with this microscope, everything is being now observed with the greatest detail.


This is one ugly, overly used and abused "H.S.S.’ (High Speed Steel) bur. You can see that many of the teeth are just not being able to cut into the metal anymore…aka scrap!


This is my (nearly) favourite metal pusher that is showing the little grooves that will prevent any slipping while pushing over any metal.


This is a very good picture of a great ‘cup bur’ bur. The generic name is a " 77B " it’s used to round off the tips of all claws after being set.


Here is the packet of some of the well used sizes!


I shave off the sides of these burs on an oil-stone as it’s rotating, but why? Now you can literally hold the bur in an upright position and not be concerned in touching the stones’ facets.


Have you ever thought of what this bur looks really up close? You can now see the curved teeth that will grind away the metal on the tip of each claw.


I like this picture as it’s showing the reflective surface that was Bright-Cut just for this photograph!

BTW, the opening is used for a 1.75 mm stone. You can even see how I used two burs to ‘open’ up the deepest part of the hole for the “Pavilion” and leaving space for the “Culet”.


I think this one picture explains many of my previous essays on how to create Fish-Tail ‘beads’.


What are these burs and why were they so important many decades ago? I used these to prepare a seat for setting “half-pearls”. These are not so common anymore, but they still sit on my bench!


A nicely prepared HSS bur with its sharp cutting teeth.


I hope that you enjoyed a little trip into the detailed world of Diamond Setting and the many tools.

Note From Ganoksin Staff:
Looking for a microscope for your jewelry projects? We recommend:

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Thanks for the photos, Gerry. I feel like it’s easy to get lost in a microscope for hours. Such fun.

Hi Alec and everyone!

Once in a while I feel like having some ‘fun’ doing my series of essays. These essays in looking for ideas and then compiling & editing each topic does take much mental time. I always plan any topic weeks in advance and many times I try to keep my mind on the seriousness of each article.

Our jewellery & tool technology is always changing, so must my need to change with the ‘times’.

What sometimes I feel is too mundane, or just too ‘basic’, is a new learning skill for the many on “Orchid/Ganoksin”. If I joke around in my essays, I too need a bit of levity in my writing! In closing, I know very well how difficult some of these essays seem to be, but we should have some fun in learning them, agree?

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Fun. Absolutely!

Note From Ganoksin Staff:
Looking for a microscope for your jewelry projects? We recommend: