Dichroic glass is the worlds finest coated glass
Dichroic glass has two primary colors. The Transmitted color as
seen when holding the glass to the light and the Reflected color
seen when the glass is placed against a dark background. ie:
Colors are named for the transmitted/reflected color of each piece
and coded by the first letter of each color. For example, YP 3D
Yellow/Purple, where Yellow is the transmitted color and Purple is
the reflected color.
Note: If you fuse dichroic to an dark base, you will only see the
Dichroic sheet glass comes in the following sizes.
a… Full size: 19" diameter (about 2 sq. ft.)
b… Half Size: 1/2 of a 19" diameter (about 1 sq. ft.)
c… Quarter size: 1/4" of a 19" diameter (about .5 sq. ft.) Jewelry
size 1 3/4 by 4 inch
Note: Sheets have flat edges on one side where the machines hold
them for coating.
STANDARD COLORS - Blue/Gold, Cyan/Copper, Cyan/Dark Dark Red,
Cyan/Dark Red, Cyan/Red, Magenta/Green, Pink/Teal, Yellow/Blue,
Yellow/Purple, Rainbow 1 SPECIALTY COLORS - Candy Apple Red, Emerald,
Mixture, Purple, Salmon, Violet ( only one basic color)
PREMIUM COLORS - Green/Magenta, Green/Magenta Blue, Green/Pink,
Red/Silver Blue, Silver Rainbow 2
MORE TECHNICAL INFO
“Dichroic” is defined as the property of having more than one color,
especially when viewed from different angles. Dichroic glass is a
high-tech spin-off of the space industry. Thin layers of metallic
oxides, such as titanium, silicon, and magnesium are deposited upon
the surface of the glass in a high temperature, vacuum furnace.
The glass to be coated is carefully cleaned, and fastened to a
planetary arm in the top of the furnace chamber. The oxides are
placed in a crucible on the bottom of the chamber. Air inside of
the chamber is removed with a high vacuum-producing cyropump, and the
chamber is heated to 300oF. The metallic oxides are vaporized by an
electron beam, and the rotating glass target is evenly coated with
many thin layers. The resulting color is determined by the individual
Dichroic coatings transmit certain wavelengths of light, while
reflecting others, thus creating an interference-effect similar to
the iridescence observed in Nature’s fire opal, dragonfly wings and
hummingbird feathers. The transmitted color is different than the
reflected color, and a third color is produced by viewing the
dichroic piece at a 45o angle. The resulting colors are pure,
saturated, single wavelengths of light, that appear to originate from
within the dichroic piece.
Howard Sandberg, owner of "Coatings by Sandberg, takes special
precautions to insure his coatings have outstanding brilliance and
viability - that is why we selected them as our supplier. The
naming of Dichroic Coated Glass is a confusing topic for the artist
as well as the manufacture since there is no industry standard.
Using the transmitted light and reflected light to describe the
glass seems reasonable and some manufacturers use this scheme.
When the Dichroic Coated Glass is fused or otherwise hotworked, the
color will permanently shift toward the next above color. The amount
of shift must experimentally determined. It is a good idea to make a
test strip, a part of which is shown below.
MAKING TEST STRIPS
Take make a strip use Bullseye clear (1101.50 thin) glass. Cut base
plate of sufficient width and then fuse small samples of dichroic
glass onto it, using another piece of clear as a cap.
Below the fused glass, glue another original piece of dichroic
glass. You now have a visual measurement of the shift in color
created when fusing dichroic.