Since you intend to start with 6x6mm square wire to make 6x5mm wire
to make a bangle with inner circumference of 20cm you will need to do
The first is to calculate the length of 6X5mm wire needed to make
the bangle. This is easy. Its simply 200 + 5x Pi = 200 + 15.7 =
215.7mm. (See below for the reason).
The second is due to the fact that when you roll the square wire
down to 5mm thick, it will get both longer and wider. I've created a
calculator at http://www.ganoksin.com/gnkurl/ep8267
which will do
this for you.
Using the calculator, enter the required width, thickness, and
length of wire required:
That's 6, 5, and 215.7 The calculator tells you that you should start
with 203mm of 5.6mm square wire, which can be made by rolling 180mm
of 6x6mm wire down to 5.6mm square.
So the process is:
1. Roll 180mm of 6mm square wire down to 5.6mm square. This gives
you 203mm of 5.6mm square.
2. Roll the 203mm of 5.6 square down to 5mm thick to end up with
215.7mm of 6x5mm wire.
3. Bend this into a ring and solder it up.
Here's the reason for the 1st calculation.
Imagine the stock that you want to bend into a circle to make a ring
is made of lots of very thin layers. When you bend it, the outside
layer is stretched and the inside layer is compressed. The layers
next to these extremes have to stretch or compress a little less, and
so on until you get to a layer near the middle that remains the same
This layer is called the neutral layer.
It is convenient to assume that the neutral layer is in the middle.
To determine the length of stock needed, you simply have to
calculate the length of the neutral layer. This is equal to the
diameter of the neutral layer x Pi. The diameter of the neutral layer
is the inside diameter (call it ID) of the ring plus the thickness of
the stock (there is half the stock thickness on each end of the
Therefore, the length of stock is...
(ID + stock_ thickness) x Pi. or ID x Pi + stock_ thickness x Pi
Because the inside_circumference = ID x Pi. The length of the
neutral layer is inside_circumference + stock_thickness x Pi.
I hope this makes sense.