Gosh, so many questions.
What is your exact target price point?
What is your quality standard?
What techniques are involved?
These are very important questions. For instance, if you have a
generous budget, and your item requires the very best quality
standard, plus the ability to meet with your manufacturer and
develop your product in a hands-onway I would say the USA, so many
great factories already in Providence Rhode Island, NYC, great
opportunities to set up a factory in other regions.
Now with that said…If you need to make a $20 profit on an item
that contains $8.00 in materials, and retails for $30.00, you are
definitely not manufacturing in the USA. Period. Bummer, too because
we really need the jobs and have such a diverse and skilled
workforce in jewelry. But I find this to be more often the case.
I spent 5 years in product development for factories in the jewelry
industry (and still do consulting, so lets say 10 years total). It
was my job to turn the design on paper to a piece of finished jewelry
that met price point and quality specifications. This varied widely
for each customer, for each project. Sometimes it made more $$ sense
for me to send a project overseas than to have the factory where I
worked make the item in house…!!! Broke my heart. And as I stayed
in the job, I sent more and more jobs overseas. Had many experiences
with many countries, some good, some not so good, some really just
awful. If this is a serious question I can offer more advice with
more info…but I will say that for excellent quality, control over
your product, and ease of communication stick with the USA!!! And
take a look at Providence, RI. This area has been the largest
manufacturing center for jewelry in the US since the 1800s, great
local infrastructure, so much talent in the area in terms of
experienced craftspeople, and people trained in related technology.